As someone whose Ph.D. dissertation was in the area of Bayesian Econometrics, I was fascinated to read this recent paper by Stephen Stigler: "The True Title of Bayes's Essay". It appeared this month in Statistical Science, 2013, vol. 28(3), 283-288.
The abstract of the paper is succinct, but very clear:
"New evidence is presented that Richard Price gave Thomas Bayes's famous essay a very different title from the commonly reported one. It is argued that this implies Price almost surely and Bayes not improbably embarked upon this work seeking a defensive tool to combat David Hume on an issue in theology."
So, it wasn't just intended to provide a painful experience for those being introduced to probability theory for the first time, after all!